Some words of warning about cold and ice
1. You freeze fast: When freezing, it may be quick to suffer frostbite. Especially if you stand still after a sweaty activity. Be extra vigilant on toes, fingers and cheeks that are the first body parts to freeze.
2. Don’t get wet! Just as much as you freeze – do not cover your mouth with a scarf, buff or baraklava. The fabric is like a wet cloth against your skin, which makes you quickly cool down and risk freezing.
3. Skipping the morning shower: Do not use skin cream in the morning and do not soak in the morning before going out in the cold. During the night your skin gets a layer of fat that protects you from freezing. Don’t wash it off!
4. Beware of temperature reading! Even though the thermometer shows comfortable.
5, the actual cooling effect can be far more when it blows. You also need to be prepared for the weather to change quickly and above all that it quickly gets dark in the day. Bring a headlamp into the gasket if something unforeseen should happen.
5. Have good breaks! The most important thing when you stop for a break is that you dress extra, either with you a large thick wool sweater or a down jacket. Sit on a seat pad to get away from the snow and make sure you get warm drink – preferably one with sugar in order to replenish your body with extra energy. The chocolate or hot cup soup is great for cold winter days.
Clothing for hiking in winter
6. Stock-on-stock principle: Dress in layers so you can easily adjust the upholstery after activity. I always have underwear, warming intermediate layers and outer layers that protect against wind and wetness. Complete with proper hat, scarf and gloves.
7. Turn the backpack in the right direction! If you walk or ski with a backpack, make sure you always put the side you have on your back up when you stop for a break. If you take a sweaty and warm backpack and put it directly into the snow, ice will form on the backpack and you will quickly cool down when you continue after the break.
8. Warm on the feet: I always have double socks on my feet, regardless of the season. In the winter, I have a slightly thinner surface silk and then a thicker woolen sock. In the boots a thick sole – and in the winter, it is especially important to have a proper and stable outsole on the boot, which means that you get up from the bark and protected from direct cold.
9. Warm clothes in the morning: During the night you put your clothes at the bottom of the sleeping bag. This means that you get less air space to heat up in the sleeping bag, which is good because you keep yourself warmer. First you have warm clothes to put on you when you wake up in the morning.
10. Pack dry replacement: Always carry a dry change that you store in a waterproof bag in the gasket. Particularly important if you go through the ice or become wet. Sleeping outdoors in winter
11. Double under you: Have double sleeping mats, it protects you from the ground cold. Attach the bedding with a strap so that they do not slip around during the night.
12. Invest in a properly warm sleeping bag – you don’t want to freeze. Take the upper edge when choosing a sleeping bag. It is easier to open up the zipper on a sleeping bag that is too hot and stick out one foot at the bottom than to lie down and sleep in a too cold sleeping bag.
13. Sleep in underwear, thick socks and a nice hat. A good tip is to have a separate undercoat and socks to sleep in at night – ie not the same as you wear during the day. Then they are guaranteed dry.
14. Have a heat source in the sleeping bag: Before you go to bed in the evening, pour your water bottle (of the Nalgene type) full of hot water. It is a perfect source of heat and you will probably sleep well. Clarification: Do not use a PET bottle, you do not want to risk water baths in the sleeping bag, it is not recommended in the winter.
15. Avoid Night Jumps: Ease your natural needs before crawling into sleeping bags – you don’t want to run unnecessarily during the night. Make sure you get really hot before going to bed. Run a couple of laps around the tent, do arbor fire and frog jump. Food and drink in the winter
16. Drink plenty of water! When it’s cold you don’t feel thirsty in the same way as a hot summer day with physical activities. Therefore, remember to remind yourself to drink plenty of water. Have lukewarm water readily available in a small thermos or heat the water from your water bottle in your mouth before swallowing. You don’t want to waste unnecessary one
17. Get something hot in you! To keep the heat up while you are still, it is important that you drink something warm. Bring hot juice, chocolate or fruit soup. It gives you new energy and keeps you warm. When you wake up in the tent in the morning it can be great to have a thermos loaded with hot water, then you can drink the first morning coffee in the sleeping bag – I can guarantee you is a divine start to the day.
18. Do not take metal when cooking! It can be difficult to avoid taking metal when it is time to cook. Often both the gas container, the burner, the boilers and the cutlery are made of metal. Metal quickly dissipates heat from your body and causes you to get cold. Be sure to bring with you thin gloves with good grip that you can wear even when wearing a fine kitchen. Also make sure you know how to build together and use your kitchen so that you do not waste valuable time with frozen hands.
19. Eat hot food before going to bed: Sit down in the sleeping bag, feeling full and dry. After a meal of warm food you sleep well, the body will use its energy to digest the food.
20. Use snow for cooking: Instead of carrying lots of unnecessary kilos of water, you can easily use snow to cook. One hot tip is to use some water in the bottom of the saucepan to melt the snow, then save fuel.
Please note! Always think about safety first, especially in winter and especially if you go out on the ice. If you are unsure; Go for a course with outdoor activities, borrow a book at the library or take a knowledgeable companion with you or bring an experienced guide with you.